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Diet During Pregnancy

Sunday, December 23rd 2012. | Pregnancy

Is there a supply “special” during pregnancy?

During the various consultations, the doctor or midwife will tell you the procedure to adopt the best possible nutrition for you and your child to become.

Indeed, this power is based on rather simple principles:

  • Have sufficient caloric intake to meet your needs and those of your fetus
  • Have carbohydrate intake, adequate protein and lipid
  • Provide you with sufficient vitamin and mineral intake for proper fetal development
  • Avoiding certain diseases (provided by food) that could be harmful to your fetus if you contractiez during pregnancy
Diet During Pregnancy

Diet During Pregnancy (img thanks to youqueen.com)

What are the main features of this diet?

The calorie intake should be sufficient (> 1800 kcal), and you should not skip meals. They should be distributed as follows: 50% carbohydrates, 30-35% fat and 15-20% protein.

Avoid products obviously too fat or too sweet.

Consumption of fruits and vegetables is highly recommended (5 fruits and vegetables per day).

Of the contribution of dairy products (calcium intake), they are also encouraging with a daily intake of 3 dairy products (pasteurized).

It is advised to consume 1.5 liters of water per day.

What diseases are related to diet?

Listeriosis :  This is a bacterial disease transmitted through food. If a pregnant woman is infected, it can have serious effects on the fetus. On the symptomatology, the disease often resemble flu syndrome which is easily missed.

Toxoplasmosis :  it is a disease caused by a parasite whose definitive host is the cat, but the hosts can be all warm-blooded animals (including humans). We can therefore find the parasite in cat feces (the parasite develops in the intestines), or soil contaminated by them. Some animals are contaminated then ingesting the parasite in their diet.

Humans can become infected by eating raw meat of an animal ingesting the parasite. Moreover, it can be contaminated by direct contact with soil contaminated with faeces or contaminated.

Asymptomatic or mild illness in the vast majority of cases where subjects have normal immunity, it can be very dangerous in immunocompromised or pregnant women. Indeed, for pregnant women who have never “met” the parasite before pregnancy (“serology negative toxoplasmosis  ”), being infected with the parasite during pregnancy ( seroconversion ) may cause serious consequences fetal especially if seroconversion occurs early in pregnancy. No vaccine exists to prevent toxoplasmosis, prevention rules by simple lifestyle changes you can significantly reduce the risk of seroconversion.

Salmonellosis :  it is a disease caused by a bacterium found in certain foods such as meat or eggs. Clinically, it presents itself as a gastro-enteritis syndrome fever.

What are the precautions around food?

To avoid contamination by the toxoplasmosis parasite (which may be present in the soil or in the meat of infected animals), it is recommended (if you are not immunized against toxoplasmosis)

  • Well wash fruits and vegetables (and even bagged salads)
  • Of well-cooked meat and eggs
  • Avoid contact with the feces of cats (or wear gloves if it is impossible to do otherwise)
  • Wash their hands several times a day

In addition, you will be monitored by regular blood tests (monthly) to ensure the absence of toxoplasmic seroconversion.

To avoid listeriosis and salmonellosis, it is recommended:

  • Always perform several handwashing day
  • Thoroughly cook meat, fish (and eggs for salmonella)
  • Avoid raw milk cheeses (including cheese), seafood, shellfish, smoked fish, charcuterie (rillettes, pâté, foie gras)
  • Promote pasteurized cheeses
  • Wash fruits and vegetables and herbs
  • Bleach your refrigerator regularly and meet deadlines consumption.

 

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